Company Fraud Definition
What is company fraud is a matter of concern for every company. Now it is important to first understand what is company fraud. Frauds world over, are incredibly unsafe bets the corporate executives or employees for an assortment of benefit-augmenting intentions empowered by poor corporate governance mechanisms.
With the turn of the twentieth century, cases of corporate fraud have developed with a domino impact the world over, with Enron’s disappointment maybe being the trademark model. As per the KPMG consulting survey, corporate fraud in India is about 74 per cent.
Naturally, since the majority of the corporate firms manage open to cash and are recorded, the clatter for the indictment of corporate fraud to bring ‘somebody’ to the book has created expanding premiums over the most recent quite a long while.
In the US particularly, many prominent cases have caught features, tossed organizations into death spirals, obliterated the professions of various directors, and put executives in the slammer. Satyam is India’s Enron and open preliminaries would drive the fiercest advances to be taken against Satyam Computers, victor of the Golden Peacock Global Award for brilliance in corporate governance for 2008.
The ongoing examination has set up that money-related advancement is to a great extent reliant on speculator security in a nation – by law and true. So it isn’t amazing then that the Satyam fraud compromises to undermine speculator trust in India when the nation’s economy is now reeling from the world budgetary emergency and retreat.
Indeed, in October and November, sends out fell by more than 10 per cent on a year-to-year premise. This fall speaks to a debacle taking shape for the Indian tip-top since its arrangements to accomplish 8 per cent yearly financial development are predicated on boosting sends out by more than 20 per cent for every year.
With the heritage of the English legitimate framework, India has a standout amongst the best corporate governance laws yet poor execution together with communist approaches of the pre-change period has influenced corporate governance.
This paper means to think about and recommend changes to the equivalent and looks at the means the government proposes to take. The KPMG Fraud Survey Report 2009-10 presumed that an expanding number of employees are enjoying fraudulent exercises, generally determined by budgetary pressure and disappointment with their organization the executives.
The survey identified both junior and senior employees as culprits of fraud and reasoned that thusly the genuine quantum of fraud in fiscal esteem terms is on an upward winding. Fraud misfortunes of more than Rs. ten lack hit “86-87 per cent of survey respondents, against just 46-47 per cent in the last survey, as indicated by KPMG.
The survey noticed that production network fraud (acquirement, dissemination and income spillage) is the region most inclined to instances of fraud. An undeniable finish of the survey was that the present control and direction mechanisms are overtly incapable.
What is Corporate Fraud – Meaning and Reasons
Corporate fraud is committed by the top management with or without the direction of the owners of the company. Corporate fraud may be done by making false financial statements showing more profit than actual to lure investors and get more and more investments. On the contrary, corporate fraud can be committed by submitting fake financial statements showing less profile than the actual one to save taxes.
Corporate fraud can also be done by the employees by stealing cash or movable properties of the company. Fraud is characterized as a knowing deception of truth or disguise of a material certainty to incite another to demonstrate his or her inconvenience. Fraud committed by or on extensive associations is normally known as corporate fraud.
The organizations of fraud run from the best executives committing fraud on the business sectors to help support the organization’s fairly estimated worth and by implication their benefits to fraud executed by employees, both junior and senior for either close to home or expert addition.
Reasons for Company Fraud
To successfully handle the issue of business fraud it is fundamental to comprehend and draw in the motivations for carrying out fraud and killing these, aside from fortifying the fraud location mechanisms or criminally arraigning people mindfully.
This is so because the last two are only ex-post, while an ace dynamic ex-risk approach is regularly favoured and kills the odds of the commission of fraud superior to a corrective methodology.
Different Types of Company Frauds
Accountants and financial advisors are very smart, they are always engaged to apply their notorious minds to find different ways to make multiple financial statements like balance sheets that can lure investors and save taxes. The most common ways of corporate fraud are:
1. Company Frauds in Financial Statements
This type of fraud is generally committed by the owner of the company or firm. This fraud can also be done by the employee(s) of the company. Fraud in financial statements is done to increase the valuation of assets and profit to lure more and more investors to invest money in their business.
Sometimes multiple financial statements are prepared like the financial statements that show inflated valuations to invite more investment and on the contrary financial statements show less profits than actual to save taxes, payment of dividends and more.
2. Company Fraud in Pay Rolls
Payroll fraud can be committed by the employees allotted the duty of preparing payrolls. They can amend the amount payable to labour or employees and can keep the substantial amount in their pocket in a fraudulent way. This type of fraud can be committed by anyone whether within the company or outside who has good hacking skills.
This fraud can easily be done by the issue of bonus which is not authorized by the management, by issuing of unauthorized time sheet to get more than their earnings and by way of transferring money to ex-employees or fake employees.
3. Company Fraud by Misappropriation of Assets
Misappropriation of assets is the easiest way for employees to commit corporate fraud. This can be done by unauthorised diverting funds for their benefit or by stealing the company’s movable properties like computers, laptops, computer papers and more. This type of fraud can be prevented to some extent by proper maintenance of inventory and financial records.
4. Company Fraud by Theft of Identify
Identifying fraud is a very difficult way of corporate fraud because the person committing fraud has to collect information from others, which is not so easy in the business world, and use it by making fake identities.
Though this type of fraud is not so easy but sometimes committed in the corporate world. To commit this type of fraud the person must have high skill to make fake documents and be ready to take more risks.
5. Company Fraud relating to Tax
Tax fraud is committed by the owners of the company. This fraud is committed by way of showing less profit than actual in fake financial statements submitted to the concerned tax authorities.
This fraud can be done by showing increased expenses or by devaluation of assets. The tax authorities are also taking various steps to prevent tax fraud. The most popular step of tax authorities to prevent tax fraud is heavy penalties and identify and penalise the tax bureaucrats who take bribes to accept less tax than actual.
How to Prevent Company Fraud
Corporate fraud is like a termite for any type of business including those having very sound financial health. The Companies running with weak financial positions have greater risk and collapse in a shorter period than the big and financially sound companies. Therefore, it is very important to prevent all kinds of corporate fraud. Some of the preventive measures are as follows:
1. Company Fraud Protection in online working
Protect your valuable data relating to the location of stocks and stores, availability of cash both in hand and in the bank, use strong passwords and timely change them. Prevent all your systems from hacking by taking the services of computer hacking experts. Always use a protected internet connection. Prevent your computers, laptops and mobile phones from any kind of virus by not visiting unprotected or prone sites.
2. Company Fraud by Employees’ Education and Training
The proper education and training of all employees particularly those dealing with cash, stores and valuable data is a must to prevent corporate fraud. The employees must be trained to know in advance the possible activities of hackers or others including employees of the company.
3. Company Fraud by Keeping in Touch with the Bank(s)
Always interact with the banks to take proper steps to safeguard your bank account from hackers by sending withdrawal codes, and sending the list of authorised signatories on cheques and other valuable documents including Internet banking.
4. Company Fraud by Quickly Take Action on Suspicious Activities
In case any suspicious or odd activity comes to the notice then do not ignore it but take immediate action thereon by stopping all digital transactions, complaint to your financial institutions like banks and others, do not use computers, or laptops in which suspicious activities are detected.
These suspicious activities may be in the form of suspicious emails, network activities and pop-ups. Also maintenance record of all the suspension activities for further reference.
5. Company Fraud by Being aware of your security responsibility and liabilities
This is the duty of the top management to direct the employees to be in routine touch with their financial institutions and banks. This is the responsibility of the company to make financial agreements carefully and include the compensation clause regarding any kind of cybercrime that caused financial losses to the company.
To Sum Up
Corporate fraud is committed by the top management with or without the direction of the owners of the company. Corporate fraud may be done by making false financial statements showing more profit than actual to lure investors and get more and more investments.
On the contrary, corporate fraud can be committed by submitting fake financial statements showing less profile than the actual one to save taxes. With the turn of the twentieth century, cases of corporate fraud have developed with a domino impact the world over, with Enron’s disappointment maybe being the trademark model.
As per the KPMG consulting survey, corporate fraud in India is about 74 per cent. There are Different Types of Corporate Fraud in Financial statements, Fraud in Pay Rolls, Misappropriation of Assets, Theft of identity, and Fraud relating to Tax.
Corporate Fraud can be prevented by Protection in online work, Employees’ Education and Training, Keeping in Touch with the Bank(s), Quickly taking action on Suspicious Activities and Being aware of your security responsibilities and liabilities.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is an example of Business Fraud?
An employee of the company fraudulently uses the company car for his/her own purposes or takes away company stationery to his home for personal use. The assets of the company may also be used by an employee for personal use which may damage or decrease the value of that assets.
2. What are the Types of Corporate Fraud? Corporate fraud can be of various kinds like bribery, tax evasion, fraud, professional crime, counterfeiting, ad hoc crime, forging and so on.
3. What causes fraud in a company? There are many causes of company fraud as stated above but the prime three causes of company fraud are lack of surveillance, motivation and opportunity.
4. What are Examples of Company Fraud?
6 main and most prevalent examples of company fraud are:
1. Compensation to women fraud2. Tempering of Checks3. Fraud in vendor’s bills4. Fraud in payrolls5. Skimming of revenue6. Preparation and use of fraudulent invoices
5. Is Corporate Fraud Common?
As per the latest studies, the most common fraud in companies is fraud in securities which is about 11 per cent committed every year. These frauds can be prevented by effectively taking the prevention methods as stated above.